Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Solanum dulcamara
(Bittersweet Nightshade) [Solanaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton, Martin et al., Myers et al., and Beal; this plant is also called Bitter Nightshade)

Porzana carolina (Sora) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951; Turdidae: Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush) [0.7% of bird stomachs contained fruits from this semi-woody plant] Be1915b


Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [5-10% of deer droppings contained viable seeds of this plant in New York] Myr2004; Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941