Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Solanum carolinense
(Horsenettle) [Solanaceae]
(observations are from Schwartz and Martin et al.)


Phasianidae: Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [fruits & seeds eaten during fall, winter, & spring for 7 months of the year] Swz1945

Mephitidae: Spilogale putorius interrupta (Prairie Spotted Skunk) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Iowa] MZN1951