Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Secale cereale
(Rye) [Poaceae]
(observations are from Lewis, Schorger, Whitaker, Martin et al., and Bellrose)


Anatidae: Branta canadensis (Canada Goose) [feeds on this plant] Blr1942; Columbidae:
Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [seeds occasionally used as a source of food] Sch1955, Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove) [seeds of moderate importance as a source of food] Lws1993

Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [seeds comprise 0.4% of the diet by volume in combination with Avena sativa] Wh1966; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [foliage & seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Ohio] MZN1951