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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
(Great Bulrush) [Cyperaceae]
(observations are from Bellrose and Havera; Scirpus validus is a scientific synonym of this plant, Softstem Bulrush is another common name of this plant)

Birds

Anatidae: Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on seeds in Illinois & elsewhere] Blr1942 Hv1999, Anas strepera (Gadwall) [feeds on seeds in Illinois & elsewhere] Blr1942 Hv1999, Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya americana (Redhead) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya collaris (Ring-necked Duck) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999
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