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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Sagittaria latifolia
(Common Arrowhead) [Alismataceae]
(observations are from Schwartz, Hamerstrom & Blake, Bellrose, and Havera)

Birds

Anatidae: Anas acuta (Northern Pintail) [feeds on this plant in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas americana (American Wigeon) [feeds on this plant in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on tubers & seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas strepera (Gadwall) [feeds on this plant in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup) [feeds on this plant in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya americana (Redhead) [feeds on tubers & seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya valisineria (Canvasback) [feeds on tubers] Blr1942, Cygnus buccinator (Trumpeter Swan) [feeds on tubers] Blr1942; Phasianidae: Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [seeds eaten during fall for 1 month] Swz1945

Mammals
Cricetidae:
Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) [roots & stem bases have minor value as a food source] HB1939
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