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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Rumex spp.
(Dock) [Polygonaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Hamerstrom & Blake)

Birds

Alaudidae: Eremophila alpestris (Horned Lark) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA] MZN1951; Emberizidae: Melospiza georgiana (Swamp Sparrow) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during fall] MZN1951, Melospiza melodia (Song Sparrow) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall] MZN1951, Passerella iliaca (Fox Sparrow) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951, Pooecetes gramineus (Vesper Sparrow) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951, Zonotrichia leucophrys (White-crowned Sparrow) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during fall] MZN1951; Icteridae: Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during fall] MZN1951, Dolichonyx oryzivorus (Bobolink) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [seeds comprise 5-10% of the diet in Pennsylvania during fall] MZN1951, Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951

Mammals
Cricetidae: 
Microtus ochrogaster (Prairie Vole) [feeds on these plants] MZN1951, Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) [feeds on these plants] MZN1951, Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) [the stem bases have minor value as a food source] HB1939, Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951
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