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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Rubus idaeus strigosus
(American Red Raspberry) [Rosaceae]
(this observation is from Bennetts; Rubus strigosus is a scientific synonym of this woody plant)

Birds

Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on leaves in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] Bnn1900
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