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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Rubus flagellaris
(Common Dewberry) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Haugen and Blackmore)

Mammals

Bovidae: Capra aegagrus hircus (Domesticated Goat) [this woody vine is eaten] Blk1998; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [the woody stems are occasionally used as a source of food in Michigan during winter] Hgn1942
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