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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Rosa spp.
(Wild Rose) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton, Schwartz, Martin et al., Schorger, Ernst et al., Korschgen, Haugen, Blackmore, Bennetts, Buech, DeVore et al., and Beal)

Birds
Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on rose hips as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on rose hips & uses the larger of these shrubs for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002; Columbidae:
Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [rose hips rarely used as a source of food] Sch1955; Emberizidae: Junco hyemalis (Dark-eyed Junco) [feeds on rose hips & uses these shrubs for protective cover] DGr2002, Melospiza melodia (Song Sparrow) [feeds on rose hips & uses the larger of these shrubs for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002, Passerella iliaca (Fox Sparrow) [feeds on rose hips & uses these shrubs for protective cover] DGr2002, Spizelloides arborea (American Tree Sparrow) [feeds on rose hips & uses these shrubs for protective cover] DGr2002; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [feeds on rose hips] DGr2002, Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch) [feeds on rose hips] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on the rose hips & uses the larger of these shrubs for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002, Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird) [feeds on the rose hips as a preferred source of food & uses the larger of these shrubs for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on the rose hips & uses the larger of these shrubs for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [rose hips comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE Prairies, feeds on the rose hips & buds & uses these shrubs for protective cover] MZN1951 DGr2002; Parulidae: Setophaga kirtlandii (Kirtland's Warbler) [these shrubs provided protective cover & they were located within 1 meter of the nest sites 20% of the time in Michigan] Bch1980; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [rose hips comprise 0.5-5% of the diet in the Virginia Alleghenies & Wisconsin during winter, feeds on rose hips in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter, feeds on rose hips & buds & uses these shrubs for protective cover] MZN1951 Bnn1900 DGr2002, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [feeds on rose hips & uses these shrubs for protective cover] DGr2002, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [feeds on the rose hips & buds & uses these shrubs for protective cover] DGr2002, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [rose hips are eaten during spring & fall for 5 months of the year, rose hips comprise 10-25% of the diet throughout the year, these woody plants have above average importance as a source of food in Missouri] Swz1945 MZN1951 Krs1962; Turdidae: Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [rose hips comprise 2-5% of the diet in Prairies during spring, feeds on rose hips as a preferred source of food] MZN1951 DGr2002, Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [feeds on rose hips] DGr2002, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on rose hips, rose hips are eaten rarely] DGr2002 Be1915, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on rose hips] DGr2002; Vireonidae: Vireo philadelphicus (Philadelphia Vireo) [rose hips comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA, feeds on rose hips] MZN1951 DGr2002 Dv2004

Mammals

Bovidae: Capra aegagrus hircus (Domesticated Goat) [these woody plants are eaten] Blk1998; Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [rose hips & stems comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Michigan during winter, woody branches of these shrubs are occasionally used as a source of food in Michigan during winter] MZN1951 Hgn1942

Turtles
Chelydridae: Macrochelys temminckii (Alligator Snapping Turtle) [feeds on roots in wetland areas, probably Rosa palustris] EBL1994
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