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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Ribes spp.
(Gooseberry, Currant) [Grossulariaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Schorger)

Birds

Columbidae: 
Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [fruits occasionally used as a source of food] Sch1955; Laridae: Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull) [the fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the United States] MZN1951; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Catbird) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Eastern Prairies] MZN1951

Mammals
Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Raccoon) [fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in Iowa during summer] MZN1951
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