Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Ribes spp.
(Gooseberry, Currant) [Grossulariaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al., Schorger, Noyce & Coy, and Beal)


Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [fruits occasionally used as a source of food] Sch1955; Laridae: Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull) [the fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the United States] MZN1951; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Catbird) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Eastern Prairies] MZN1951; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [the fruits are eaten rarely] Be1915, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [the fruits are eaten occasionally] Be1915

Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Raccoon) [fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in Iowa during summer] MZN1951; Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [feeds on the fruits in Minnesota] NC1990