Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Rhus hirta
(Staghorn Sumac) [Anacardiaceae]
(observations are from Bennetts, DeGraaf, Myers et al., and Beal; Rhus typhina is a scientific synonym of this shrub; this shrub provides cover to some birds during the summer)


Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Corvidae: Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Paridae: Poecile atricapillus (Black-capped Chickadee) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on fruits in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter, feeds on fruits] Bnn1900 DGr2002, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Picidae: Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Sturnidae: Sturnus vuglaris (European Starling) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Turdidae: Catharus fuscescens (Veery) [1.1% of bird stomachs contained fruits from this shrub] Be1915b, Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush) [feeds on fruits, 0.9% of bird stomachs contained fruits from this shrub] DGr2002 Be1915b, Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [0.5% of bird stomachs contained fruits from this shrub] Be1915b, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on fruits, the fruits are eaten occasionally] DGr2002 Be1915, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on fruits, the fruits are eaten rarely] DGr2002 Be1915; Vireonidae: Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002

Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [2% of deer droppings contained viable seeds of this shrub in New York] Myr2004