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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Quercus rubra
(Northern Red Oak) [Fagaceae]
(observations are from Schorger, Veilleux et al., Perry et al., Perry & Thill, and Zimmerman)

Birds

Columbidae: Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [acorns of this & other oak species were an important source of food] Sch1955

Mammals
Vespertilionidae:
Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) [cavities in this tree while living were selected as winter roost sites about 3% of the time in Arkansas] PSC2010, Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) [cavities and/or exfoliating bark of this tree are used as roost sites 5.3% of the time in Missouri] Zm2015, Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [cavities or loose bark of this tree provided 13% of diurnal roost sites for male bats in Arkansas & this tree had above-average preference for this purpose] PT2008, Perimyotis subflavus (Tricolored Bat) [dead or live foliage of this tree was selected 18.9% of the time as a summer roost site by maternal colonies in Indiana & this tree is highly preferred for this purpose] VWV2003
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