____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Quercus palustris
(Pin Oak) [Fagaceae]
(observations are from Schorger, Bellrose, and Havera)

Birds

Anatidae: Aix sponsa (Wood Duck) [feeds on acorns in Illinois & elsewhere] Blr1942 Hv1999, Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on acorns in Illinois] Hv1999; Columbidae: Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [acorns of this & other oak species were an important source of food] Sch1955
________________________________________________________________________