____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Prunus spp.
(Cherry) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Snyder, Martin et al., Houtcooper, and Whitaker; this excludes Prunus spp. that are plums)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [cherry fruits comprise 10-25% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall] MZN1951; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in SE USA] MZN1951, Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak) [cherry fruits & flowers comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA & Northern Prairies during spring & summer] MZN1951, Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in SE USA] MZN1951; Columbidae: Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [cherry fruits were an important source of food] Sch1955; Corvidae: Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in eastern USA during summer & fall] MZN1951, Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA] MZN1951; Emberizidae: Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951; Fringillidae: Haemorhous purpureus (Purple Finch) [buds & fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in E USA during spring & fall] MZN1951, Hesperiphona vespertina (Evening Grosbeak) [cherry fruits comprise 10-25% of the diet in NE USA during winter & spring] MZN1951; Icteridae: Icterus galbula (Baltimore Oriole) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Icterus spurius (Orchard Oriole) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during summer] MZN1951, Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Catbird) [cherry fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall] MZN1951, Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in SE USA] MZN1951, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [cherry fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA & Eastern Prairies during summer & fall] MZN1951; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [buds of cherry trees comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast & Maine during winter, buds & fruits of cherry trees comprise 5-10% of the diet in Wisconsin during fall] MZN1951, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Missouri] MZN1951, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [fruits & seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast during fall & winter] MZN1951, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [cherry fruits & buds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Wisconsin during summer] MZN1951Picidae: Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in the East & Eastern Prairies during summer & fall] MZN1951, Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in the East during summer] MZN1951, Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in the East during summer] MZN1951Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the East & Eastern Prairies] MZN1951, Sphyrapicus varius (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet during fall in the East] MZN1951; Psittacidae: Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina Parakeet) [cherry fruits of moderate importance as a source of food] Snd2004; Sturnidae: Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling) [cherry fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall] MZN1951; Turdidae: Catharus fuscescens (Veery) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951, Catharus minimus (Grey-cheeked Thrush) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during the fall] MZN1951, Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [cherry fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall] MZN1951, Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall] MZN1951, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [cherry fruits comprise 10-25% of the diet in NE USA during summer & fall, cherry fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in Eastern Prairies during summer] MZN1951; Tyrannidae: Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Eastern USA] MZN1951, Sayornis phoebe (Eastern Phoebe) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA] MZN1951, Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in eastern USA during summer & fall] MZN1951; Vireonidae: Vireo gilvus (Warbling Vireo) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA] MZN1951

Mammals
Canidae:
Urocyon cineroargenteus (Gray Fox) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in SE USA] MZN1951; Cervidae: Alces americanus (American Moose) [feeds on the foliage & twigs of wild cherry trees from Maine to Michigan during the summer] MZN1951, Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [twigs comprise 2-5% of the diet in New York during winter, foliage & twigs comprise 2-5% of the diet in Pennsylvania during summer & fall] MZN1951; Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [cherry pits comprise 6.9% of the diet by volume, cherry pits comprise 2-5% of the diet in E USA during fall] Wh1966 MZN1951, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [small amounts of cherry pits are consumed] Ht1978; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [bark of cherry saplings comprises 2-5% of the diet in Connecticut & Michigan during winter & spring] MZN1951; Mephitidae: Mephitis mephitis  (Striped Skunk) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951; Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Raccoon) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Iowa] MZN1951; Sciuridae: Sciurus carolinensis (Eastern Gray Squirrel) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951, Sciurus niger (Fox Squirrel) [cherry fruits comprise 0.5-5% of the diet in Ohio & Michigan during summer & fall] MZN1951, Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during spring & summer] MZN1951, Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (American Red Squirrel) [cherry fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in E USA during summer] MZN1951; Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [cherry fruits comprise 25-50% of the diet in Pennsylvania during the summer] MZN1951
________________________________________________________________________