Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Pinus echinata
(Shortleaf Pine) [Pinaceae]
(observations are from Lewis, Perry et al., and Perry & Thill)


Columbidae: Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove) [seeds of major importance as a source of food] Lws1993

Vespertilionidae: Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) [this tree while living was selected as a winter roost site about 74% of the time in Arkansas & the winter roost site usually occurred behind exfoliating bark] PSC2010, Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [cavities or loose bark of this tree provided 31% of diurnal roost sites for male bats in Arkansas & this tree had average preference for this purpose] PT2008