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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Persicaria maculosa
(Lady's Thumb) [Polygonaceae]
(observations are from Schwartz and Havera; Persicaria vulgaris is a scientific synonym of this plant)

Birds

Anatidae: Aix sponsa (Wood Duck) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999; Phasianidae: Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [seeds eaten during spring for 2 months] Swz1945
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