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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Persicaria lapathifolia
(Pale Smartweed) [Polygonaceae]
(observations are from Havera)

Birds

Anatidae: Anas acuta (Northern Pintail) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas americana (American Wigeon) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas crecca carolinensis (Green-winged Teal) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas discors (Blue-winged Teal) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Aythya americana (Redhead) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Branta canadensis (Canada Goose) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999
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