____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Penstemon digitalis
(Foxglove Penstemon) [Scrophulariaceae]
(observations are from Lindroth & Batzli and Cole & Batzli)

Mammals

Cricetidae: 
Microtous ochrogaster (Prairie Vole) [feeds on seeds and/or foliage] CB1979, Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) [shoots of this plant comprise 15% of the diet, this plant has average preference as a food source] LB1984
________________________________________________________________________