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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Paspalum spp.
(Beadgrass) [Poaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Ernst et al.)

Birds

Columbidae: Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove) [
seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Prairies] MZN1951; Emberizidae: Junco hyemalis (Dark-eyed Junco) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Pooecetes gramineus (Vesper Sparrow) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951; Icteridae: Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA, seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in SE USA during winter] MZN1951; Phasianidae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [seeds comprise 5-10% of the diet in Missouri during summer & fall] MZN1951

Mammals
Bovidae: Bison bison (American Bison) [foliage comprises 5-10% of the diet in Oklahoma during the spring] MZN1951; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [foliage comprises 0.5-2% of the diet in Connecticut] MZN1951

Turtles
Emydidae: Terrapene carolina (Eastern Box Turtle) [feeds on these grasses] EBL1994
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