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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Mitchella repens
(Partridge Berry) [Rubiaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton, Martin et al., Schorger, and Bennetts)

Birds
Columbidae: 
Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [fruits often used as food] Sch1955; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Virginia Alleghenies during winter, feeds on leaves & fruits in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] MZN1951 Bnn1900, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Virginia] MZN1951

Mammals

Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941
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