Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Mitchella repens
(Partridge Berry) [Rubiaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton, Martin et al., Schorger, Bennetts, and Beal)

Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [fruits often used as food] Sch1955; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Virginia Alleghenies during winter, feeds on leaves & fruits in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] MZN1951 Bnn1900, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Virginia] MZN1951; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [the fruits are eaten rarely] Be1915


Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941