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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Malus pumila
(Apple) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Haugen and Beal)

Birds
Turdidae: Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [the fruits are fed upon rarely] Be1915


Mammals
Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [the saplings of the cultivated apple are occasionally used as a source of food in Michigan during winter] Hgn1942
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