Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Maianthemum canadense
(Canada Mayflower) [Liliaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton, Martin et al., and Buech; this plant is also referred to as Beadruby in older references)

Setophaga kirtlandii (Kirtland's Warbler) [this plant provided protective cover & it was located within 1 meter of the nest sites 20% of the time in Michigan] Bch1980; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellum (Ruffed Grouse) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Wisconsin] MZN1951


Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941