Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Magnolia spp.
(Magnolia) [Magnoliaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Johnson et al.)


Picidae: Sphyrapicus varius (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) [drills holes in wood & sucks sap in the East] MZN1951; Vireonidae: Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA] MZN1951

Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [fruits and/or seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951; Vespertilionidae: Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) [magnolia trees provide 0–2.3% of the roost trees for maternal colonies in central Appalachia] Jhn2009