Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Maclura pomifera
(Osage Orange) [Moraceae]
(observations are from Snyder, Martin et al., and Shimp & Shimp)


Psittacidae: Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina Parakeet) [fruits, seeds, & buds of minor importance as sources of food] Snd2004

Sciurus niger (Fox Squirrel) [seeds inside fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Michigan] MZN1951; Vespertilionidae: Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) [uses the foliage of this tree for roost sites] SS1982