Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Lespedeza spp.
(Bush Clover) [Fabaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al., Whitaker, and Schneider et al.)


Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in Missouri during summer & fall] MZN1951

Cervidae: Cervus canadensis (Elk) [foliage provides 2.1% of the diet] SMA2006, Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [foliage comprises 10-25% of the diet in Missouri during fall] MZN1951; Cricetidae: Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [seeds comprise 2.3% of the diet by volume] Wh1966; Sciuridae: Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel) [seeds comprise 0.3% of the diet by volume and 1.5% by frequency in Indiana] Wh1972