Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Kalmia latifolia
(Mountain Laurel) [Ericaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al.)


Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [leaves & buds comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Virginia Alleghenies & Pennsylvania during fall & winter] MZN1951

Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [foliage & twigs comprise 0.5-10% of the diet in Pennsylvania & Wisconsin & Minnesota & the North Carolina mountains during winter & spring] MZN1951