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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Juniperus communis
(Common Juniper) [Cupressaceae]
(observations are from DeGraaf and Ludewig & Bowyer

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Emberizidae: Spizella passerina (Chipping Sparrow) [uses this shrub for protective cover & nesting sites] DGr2002; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Haemorhous purpureus (Purple Finch) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on the fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002; Parulidae: Setophaga coronata (Yellow-rumped Warbler) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on the fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [
feeds on the fruits & uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002; Picidae: Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002

Mammals
Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [this shrub provides 0.2% of the winter diet in Maine] LdBw1985

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