Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Impatiens spp.
(Jewelweed) [Balsaminaceae]
(observations are from Whitaker & Mumford, Hamilton, Martin et al., Whitaker, Sotala & Kirkpatrick, and Bennetts; Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida are the two wild Impatiens species that are being referred to here)

Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on seeds in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] Bnn1900,
Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northeast] MZN1951, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Wisconsin during summer] MZN1951


Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [these plants have moderate importance as a food source] SK1973; Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats the seeds, seeds comprise 1.3% of the diet by volume, seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] Hm1941 Wh1966 MZN1951, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats the seeds] Hm1941; Dipodidae: Zapus hudsonius (Meadow Jumping Mouse) [seeds of these plants comprise 21.4% of the diet volume] WM1970