Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Galium spp.
(Bedstraw) [Rubiaceae]
(observations are from Ernst et al., Hamerstrom & Blake, and Augustine)

Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [these plants are not eaten] Agn1997; Cricetidae: Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) [these plants have minor value as a food source] HB1939


Emydidae: Terrapene carolina (Eastern Box Turtle) [feeds on these plants] EBL1994