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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Fraxinus pennsylvanica
(Green Ash) [Oleaceae]
(observations are from Mager & Nelson, Carter, Baerwald et al., Clement, Mu╠nzer, Homan et al., Moorman & Chapman, and Gabbe et al.)

Birds
Accipitridae: Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk) [large specimens of this tree were selected as nest sites 8.3% of the time in Georgia] MC1996; Cardinalidae: Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Cuculidae: Coccyzus americanus (Yellow-billed Cuckoo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Icteridae: Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle) [this tree was used 6.3% of the time as a nest site in North Dakota and it had below-average preference for this purpose] Hmn1996; Paridae: Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Parulidae: Protonotaria citrea (Prothonotary Warbler) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga americana (Northern Parula) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga cerulea (Cerulean Warbler) [this bird has an above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga dominica (Yellow-throated Warbler) [this bird has a below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Polioptilidae: Polioptila caerulea (Blue-gray Gnatcatcher) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Tyrannidae: Empidonax virescens (Acadian Flycatcher) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Vireonidae: Vireo flavifrons (Yellow-throated Vireo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Vireo olivacea (Red-eyed Vireo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002

Mammals

Vespertilionidae: Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat) [cavities of this tree were used for roost sites 1.2% of the time in Georgia] Clm2011, Lasiurus borealis (Eastern Red Bat) [Green Ash trees did not provide summer roost sites in an urban environment of Illinois during the summer] MN2001, Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) [foliage of this tree was selected 21.1% of the time for summer roost sites by nursing females in Manitoba] BGB2012, Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) [dead or dying Green Ash trees (snags) provide 31.9% of roost sites for female bats in southern Illinois] Crt2003, Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [cavities and/or exfoliating bark of this tree provided 42% of the roost sites in Michigan] Mnz2008
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