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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Fagopyrum esculentum
(Common Buckwheat) [Polygonaceae]
(observations are from Lewis, Martin et al., Schorger, and Havera)

Birds

Anatidae: Aix sponsa (Wood Duck) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999, Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999; Columbidae:
Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [seeds are an important source of food] Sch1955, Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove) [seeds of moderate importance as a source of food, seeds comprise 5-10% of the diet in the Northeast during spring & fall] Lws1993 MZN1951; Corvidae: Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in eastern USA during summer, fall, & winter] MZN1951; Phasianidae: Perdix perdix (Hungarian Partridge) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast during winter, seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northern Plains] MZN1951, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [seeds comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Northeast during summer, fall, & winter] MZN1951, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northern Plains & Wisconsin] MZN1951

Mammals
Sciuridae:
Sciurus niger (Fox Squirrel) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Michigan] MZN1951
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