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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Diospyros virginiana
(American Persimmon) [Ebenaceae]
(observations are from Snyder, Martin et al., Ernst et al., Sotala & Kirkpatrick, DeGraaf, and Belthoff & Ritchison)

Birds

Anatidae: Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Mimidae:
Dumetella carolinensis (Catbird) [fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during fall, feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] MZN1951 DGr2002, Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Parulidae: Setophaga coronata (Yellow-rumped Warbler) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA, feeds on the fruits] MZN1951 DGr2002; Phasianidae: Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Allegheny Mountains & Virginia, feeds on the fruits] MZN1951 DGr2002; Picidae: Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Sphyrapicus varius (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Psittacidae: Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina Parakeet) [fruits of minor importance as a source of food] Snd2004; Strigidae: Megascops asio (Eastern Screech Owl) [this tree provided 1.1% of the roost sites for young owls in Kentucky & it had average preference for this purpose] BR1990; Turdidae: Turdus americanus (American Robin) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002

Mammals
Canidae: Urocyon cineroargenteus (Gray Fox) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA, fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in SE USA during fall & winter] MZN1951, Vulpes vulpes fulvus (American Red Fox) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951; Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [fruits have moderate importance as a food source] SK1973; Cricetidae:  Microtus pinetorum (Woodland Vole) [feeds on seeds] MZN1951; Procyonidae: Procyon lotor (Raccoon) [fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in NE USA during winter] MZN1951

Turtles
Emydidae: Terrapene ornata (Ornate Box Turtle) [feeds on fallen fruits] EBL1994
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