Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Dactylus glomerata
(Orchard Grass) [Poaceae]
(observations are from Whitaker & Mumford, Martin et al., Bellrose, Myers et al., and Schneider et al.)

Alaudidae: Eremophila alpestris (Horned Lark) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in eastern USA] MZN1951; Anatidae: Branta canadensis (Canada Goose) [feeds on this plant] Blr1942; Emberizidae: Spizella passerina (Chipping Sparrow) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in E USA] MZN1951


Cervidae: Cervus canadensis (Elk) [foliage provides 8% of the diet] SMA2006, Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [2% of deer droppings contained viable seeds of this plant in New York] Myr2004; Dipodidae: Zapus hudsonius (Meadow Jumping Mouse) [seeds of this grass comprise 1.5% of the diet volume] WM1970