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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Corylus cornuta
(Beaked Hazelnut) [Corylaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al., Romain et al., Mosnier et al., and DeGraaf)

Birds

Corvidae: Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay) [feeds on the nuts as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on the catkins & buds & nuts] DGr2002, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [feeds on the nuts] DGr2002, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [catkins & buds & nuts comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northern Plains] MZN1951; Picidae: Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker) [feeds on the nuts] DGr2002, Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker) [feeds on the nuts] DGr2002; Scolopacidae: Scolopax minor (American Woodcock) [uses this shrub for protective cover] DGr2002

Mammals
Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [nuts occur in the diet about 8% of the time in Ontario, nuts are a minor dietary item in Quebec during the spring] ROA2013 MOC2008
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