____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Cornus drummondii
(Rough-leaved Dogwood) [Cornaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al., Bennetts, and Beal)

Birds

Phasianidae:
Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on fruits in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter] Bnn1900, Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in the Northern Plains] MZN1951; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [fruits are eaten occasionally] Be1915, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [fruits are eaten rarely] Be1915
________________________________________________________________________