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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Carya laciniosa
(Kingnut Hickory) [Juglandaceae]
(observations are from Mu╠nzer and Gabbe et al.; another common name of this tree is Shellbark Hickory)

Birds
Cardinalidae: Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager) [
this bird has a far above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager) [this bird has an above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Cuculidae: Coccyzus americanus (Yellow-billed Cuckoo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Paridae: Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse) [this bird has an above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee) [this bird has an above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Parulidae: Protonotaria citrea (Prothonotary Warbler) [this bird has a below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga americana (Northern Parula) [this bird has a far above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga cerulea (Cerulean Warbler) [this bird has a far above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga dominica (Yellow-throated Warbler) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Polioptilidae: Polioptila caerulea (Blue-gray Gnatcatcher) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Tyrannidae: Empidonax virescens (Acadian Flycatcher) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Vireonidae: Vireo flavifrons (Yellow-throated Vireo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Vireo olivacea (Red-eyed Vireo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002

Mammals

Vespertilionidae: Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [cavities and/or exfoliating bark of this tree provided 6% of the roost sites in Michigan] Mnz2008
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