Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:


Aronia spp.
(Chokeberry) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Hamilton and Martin et al.; these shrubs are also referred to as Photinia spp.)

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [fruits comprise 2-5% of the diet in NE USA during winter] MZN1951; Paridae: Poecile atricapillus (Black-capped Chickadee) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of diet in NE USA] MZN1951


Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [foliage & twigs comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Pennsylvania] MZN1951; Cricetidae: Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] Hm1941, Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) [eats fruits and/or seeds] HM1941; Sciuridae: Sciurus niger (Fox Squirrel) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in Michigan] MZN1951; Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [fruits comprise 5-10% of the diet in Virginia & West Virginia during winter] MZN1951