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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Aronia arbutifolia
(Red Chokeberry) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from DeGraaf)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Icteridae: Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Sturnella magna (Eastern Meadowlark) [feeds on fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Paridae: Poecile atricapillus (Black-capped Chickadee) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on buds & fruits as preferred sources of food] DGr2002, Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Phasianus colchicus (Ring-necked Pheasant) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002; Turdidae: Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on fruits] DGr2002
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