____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Arisaema triphyllum
(Jack-in-the-Pulpit) [Araceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Augustine)

Birds

Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951

Mammals
Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [this plant is rarely eaten] Agn1997
________________________________________________________________________