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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Aralia spp.
(Spikenard) [Araliaceae]
(observations are from Martin et al. and Beal)

Birds

Emberizidae: Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951; Turdidae: Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [fruits are eaten rarely] Be1915

Mammals
Sciuridae:
Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) [fruits comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in NE USA] MZN1951
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