____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Aralia nudicaulis
(Wild Sarsaparilla) [Araliaceae]
(observations are from Romain et al., Mosnier et al., and Noyce & Coy)

Mammals

Ursidae: Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) [fruits occur in the diet about 32% of the time in Ontario, fruits are a major dietary item in Quebec during the summer & fall, feeds on fruits in Minnesota] ROA2013 MOC2008 NC1990
________________________________________________________________________