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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Antennaria spp.
(Pussytoes) [Asteraceae]
(observations are from Martin et al.)

Birds

Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [leaves comprise 2-5% of the diet in the Virginia Alleghenies during winter] MZN1951

Mammals
Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [foliage comprises 2-5% of the diet in Missouri during winter] MZN1951
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