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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Amelanchier canadensis
(Canadian Serviceberry) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from Bennetts, DeGraaf, and Beal)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Columbidae: Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Corvidae: Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Emberizidae: Junco hyemalis (Dark-eyed Junco) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Melospiza melodia (Song Sparrow) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Icteridae: Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Black Bird) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Icterus galbula (Baltimore Oriole) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Mimidae: Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Paridae: Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Parulidae: Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on the fruits] Bnn1900 DGr2002; Picidae: Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodypecker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Turdidae: Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush) [feeds on the fruits & uses this small tree for protective cover] DGr2002, Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush) [feeds on the fruits & uses this small tree for protective cover] DGr2002, Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [feeds on the fruits & uses this small tree for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002, Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on the fruits & uses this small tree for protective cover & nest sites, fruits are eaten occasionally] DGr2002 Be1915; Tyrannidae: Sayornis phoebe (Eastern Phoebe) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird) [feeds on the fruits & uses this small tree for protective cover & nest sites] DGr2002; Vireonidae: Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002
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