____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Amelanchier arborea
(Downy Serviceberry) [Rosaceae]
(observations are from DeGraaf)

Birds

Bombycillidae: Bombycilla cedrorum (Cedar Waxwing) [
feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Pheucticus ludovicianus (Rose-breasted Grosbeak) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Emberizidae: Pipilo erythrophthalmus (Eastern Towhee) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Icteridae: Icterus galbula (Baltimore Oriole) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002; Mimidae: Dumetella carolinensis (Gray Catbird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Toxostoma rufum (Brown Thrasher) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Picidae: Colaptes auratus (Northern Flicker) [feeds on the fruits] DGr2002, Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Turdidae: Catharus fuscescens (Veery) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Catharus guttatus (Hermit Thrush) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Hylocichla mustelina (Wood Thrush) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002, Turdus migratorius (American Robin) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Tyrannidae: Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird) [feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002; Vireonidae: Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo) feeds on the fruits as a preferred source of food] DGr2002
________________________________________________________________________