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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Amaranthus retroflexus
(Rough Pigweed) [Amaranthaceae]
(observations are from Lewis and Havera)

Birds

Anatidae: Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard) [feeds on seeds in Illinois] Hv1999; Columbidae: Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove) [seeds of major importance as a source of food] Lws1993
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