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Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

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Acer rubrum
(Red Maple) [Aceraceae]
(observations are from Martin et al., Schorger, DeGraaf, Perry et al., Perry & Thill, Lowe, Newell & Rodewald, Dijak et al., and Gabbe et al.)

Birds

Accipitridae: Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk) [2.9% of the time large specimens of this tree were selected for nest sites in Missouri] DTP1990; Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on seeds] DGr2002, Piranga olivacea (Scarlet Tanager) [about 4% of nest sites were located on this tree in Ohio & this tree was less likely to be used for this purpose than others, this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] NR2011 GRB2002, Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager) [this bird has a below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Columbidae: Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [seeds often used as food] Sch1955; Cuculidae: Coccyzus americanus (Yellow-billed Cuckoo) [this bird has a below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [feeds on seeds & buds] DGr2002, Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak) [feeds on seeds] DGr2002, Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch) [uses this tree for protective cover & nesting habitat] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on seeds] DGr2002; Paridae: Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse) [this bird has an above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in SE USA, feeds on seeds, this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] MZN1951 DGr2002 GRB2002; Parulidae: Protonotaria citrea (Prothonotary Warbler) [this bird has a far above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga americana (Northern Parula) [this bird has a below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002, Setophaga cerulea (Cerulean Warbler) [about 1% of nest sites were located on this tree in Ohio & this tree was less likely to be used for this purpose than others, this bird has a far below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] NR2011 GRB2002, Setophaga discolor (Prairie Warbler) [uses mainly young trees for protective cover and nesting habitat] DGr2002, Setophaga dominica (Yellow-throated Warbler) [this bird has a far below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [buds, seeds, & young shoots comprise 2-5% of the diet in Maine during summer] MZN1951; Picidae: Sphyrapicus varius (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) [feeds on sap] DGr2002; Polioptilidae: Polioptila caerulea (Blue-gray Gnatcatcher) [about 1% of nest sites were located on this tree in Ohio & this tree was less likely to be used for this purpose than others, this bird has a below-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] NR2011 GRB2002; Tyrannidae: Contopus virens (Eastern Wood-pewee) [about 3% of nest sites were located on this tree in Ohio & this tree was less likely to be used for this purpose than others] NR2011, Empidonax virescens (Acadian Flycatcher) [this bird has an above-average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002; Vireonidae: Vireo flavifrons (Yellow-throated Vireo) [about 3% of nest sites were located on this tree in Ohio & this tree was less likely to be used for this purpose than others, this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] NR2011 GRB2002, Vireo olivacea (Red-eyed Vireo) [this bird has an average preference for foraging for insects on this tree in southern Illinois] GRB2002

Mammals
Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [foliage & twigs comprise 10-25% of the diet in Maine] MZN1951; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [bark of saplings comprises 2-5% of the diet in Connecticut during winter & spring] MZN1951; Vespertilionidae: Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) [cavities in this tree while living were selected as winter roost sites about 3% of the time in Arkansas] PSC2010, Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat) [cavities & exfoliating bark of this tree were used as fall roost sites in Nova Scotia] Lw2012, Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [cavities or loose bark of this tree provided 19% of diurnal roost sites for male bats in Arkansas & this tree had above-average preference for this purpose] PT2008
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