____________


Relationships of
Vertebrate Animals
to this Plant:

____________


Acer rubrum
(Red Maple) [Aceraceae]
(observations are from Martin et al., Schorger, DeGraaf, Perry et al., Perry & Thill, and Lowe)

Birds

Cardinalidae: Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal) [feeds on seeds] DGr2002; Columbidae: 
Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) [seeds often used as food] Sch1955; Fringillidae: Coccothraustes vespertinus (Evening Grosbeak) [feeds on seeds & buds] DGr2002, Pinicola enucleator (Pine Grosbeak) [feeds on seeds] DGr2002, Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch) [uses this tree for protective cover & nesting habitat] DGr2002; Odontophoridae: Colinus virginianus (Bobwhite Quail) [feeds on seeds] DGr2002; Paridae: Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee) [seeds comprise 0.5-2% of the diet in SE USA, feeds on seeds] MZN1951 DGr2002; Parulidae: Setophaga discolor (Prairie Warbler) [uses mainly young trees for protective cover and nesting habitat] DGr2002; Phasianidae: Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) [buds, seeds, & young shoots comprise 2-5% of the diet in Maine during summer] MZN1951; Picidae: Sphyrapicus varius (Yellow-bellied Sapsucker) [feeds on sap] DGr2002

Mammals
Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) [foliage & twigs comprise 10-25% of the diet in Maine] MZN1951; Leporidae: Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) [bark of saplings comprises 2-5% of the diet in Connecticut during winter & spring] MZN1951; Vespertilionidae: Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) [cavities in this tree while living were selected as winter roost sites about 3% of the time in Arkansas] PSC2010, Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat) [cavities & exfoliating bark of this tree were used as fall roost sites in Nova Scotia] Lw2012, Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) [cavities or loose bark of this tree provided 19% of diurnal roost sites for male bats in Arkansas & this tree had above-average preference for this purpose] PT2008
________________________________________________________________________