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Author
Abbreviations:

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AF1967) = K.W. Andersen & E.D. Fleharty (1967)
Describes a very limited number of food plants of Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) in Jewell County, Kansas.

Ag2002 = Salvatore J. Agosta (2002)
Refers to studies that list some of the trees that are sometimes used as roost sites by maternity colonies of Eptesicus fusucus (Big Brown Bat).


Agn1997 = D.J. Augustine (1997)
This thesis describes the relative importance of various woodland plants in the diet of Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) in Minnesota.

BGB2012 = Brandon J. Baerwald et al. (2012)
Lists summer roost trees for nursing females of Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) in Manitoba, Canada.

Blk1998 = Mary Blackmore (1998)
Describes the prairie plants and woody vegetation in prairie remnants that Capra aegagrus hircus (Domesticated Goat) will eat and won't eat.


Blr1942 = Frank C. Bellrose (1942/1976)
Lists many food plants for ducks, geese, and swans in North America.

Bnn1900 = W.J. Bennetts (1900)
Describes food plants of Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter.


BP1980 = Larry Beeman & Michael R. Pelton (1980)
This study describes the food plants and their relative importance to Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in the Smoky Mountains.

Brg2012 = S.M. Bergeson (2012)
This investigation states that Quercus spp. (Oaks) and Acer spp. (Maples) are sometimes used as summer roost sites in Illinois by Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat).


CB1979 = F. Russell Cole & George O. Batzli (1979)
Describes food plants of Microtus ochrogaster (Prairie Vole) in central Illinois.

Clm2011 = Matthew J. Clement (2011)
Describes the roost trees for Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat) and Myotis austroriparius (Southeastern Myotis) in Georgia.

Crt2003 = Timothy C. Carter (2003)
Describes summer roost trees for Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) and Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in southern Illinois.

DGr2002 = Richard M. DeGraaf (2002)
Describes the trees, shrubs, and woody vines that provide food, cover, and nesting habitat for a variety of birds in northeastern USA.


EBL1994 = Carl Ernst, Roger Barbour, & Jeffrey Lovich (1994)
Describes food plants of several species of turtle in the United States and Canada; only turtles found in the northeast quadrant of the United States were included in the database.

Frb1888 = S.A. Forbes (1888)
Describes some of the food plants for various fishes in Illinois and the surrounding area.

Frd2006 = W.M. Ford et al. (2006)
Lists the summer roost trees of male Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in West Virginia.

HB1939 = F.N. Hamerstrom, Jr., & James Blake (1939)
Describes food plants of Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) and their relative importance in Wisconsin.

Hgn1942 = Arnold O. Haugen (1942)
Describes food plants of
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) in southwestern Michigan during winter.

Hm1941 = W.J. Hamilton, Jr. (1941)
Lists food plants of Napaeozapus insignis (Woodland Jumping Mouse), Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse), and Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) in woodland areas of New York.

Hof1998 = Joyce E. Hofmann (1998)
Describes two crop plants that are eaten by Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) in Illinois.

Ht1978 = Wayne C. Houtcooper (1978)
Lists food plant preferences of Mus musculus (House Mouse) and Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) in and around cultivated fields.

Hv1999 = Stephen P. Havera (1999)
Describes various food plants of ducks and geese in Illinois.

Jhn2009 = Joshua B. Johnson et al. (2009)
Describes summer roost trees for maternal colonies of Myotis septentrionalis (Long-eared Bat) in central Appalachia in areas with and without fire.

KH1996 = Matina C. Kalcounis & Kerry R. Hecker (1996)
This study found that nearly 100% of summer roost sites for Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown) occurred in the cavities of Populus tremuloides (Quaking Aspen) in Saskatchewan, Canada.

Kr2010 = Timothy J. Krynak (2010)
Lists summer roost trees for Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) and Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in north-central Ohio during the summer.

Krs1962 = Leroy J. Korschgen (1962)
Lists food plants of Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) in Missouri.

LB1984 = Richard L. Lindroth & George O. Batzli (1984)
Lists food plants of Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) in bluegrass meadow and tallgrass prairie habitats.

Lcs2009 = Jessica Lucas (2009)
Lists tree roosts for maternity colonies & solitary individuals of Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Bg-eared Bat) in South Carolina.

LdBw1985 = Heidi Ludewig & R. Terry Bowyer (1985)
Lists food plants of Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) and Alces americanus (American Moose) in Maine during winter.

Lg1943 = Karl F. Lagler (1943)
Describes some of the food plants of several turtles in Michigan.

Lnc2001 = Richard F. Lance et al. (2001)
It was found that the cavities of Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) were used as roost sites for 50% of the time in Louisiana, while bridges (usually concrete bridges with steel girders) were used as roost sites for the other 50% of the time by Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Bat).

Lw2012 = Amanda J. Lowe (2012)
Describes the trees that are used as fall roosts by Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat) and Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in Nova Scotia, Canada.


Lws1993 = James C. Lewis (1993)
Lists food plants of Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove).

McG2012 = Liam P. McGuire (2012)
Lists roost trees of Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) during migration in Ontario.

Mn1956 = Brooke Meanley (1956)
Lists food plants of Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) in Arkansas and their relative importance.

MN2001 = Kenneth J. Mager & Thomas A. Nelson (2001)
Lists the summer roost trees of Lasiurus borealis (Eastern Red Bat) in Illinois in an urban/suburban environment and whether or not they are preferred.

Mnz2008 = Olivia Maya Mu╠nzer (2008)
Lists the roost trees of Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) and how often they were used in Michigan.

MOC2008 = Arnaud Mosnier et al. (2008)
Lists the food plants of Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in a boreal forest of Quebec.

Mrt2011 = Chester O. Martin et al. (2011)
Lists roost trees Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat) in Mississippi.

MW1988 = P.K. Malmborg & M.F. Wilson (1988)
Lists songbirds that feed on the fruits of various woody plants in an Illinois woodlot.

MZN1951 = Alexander Martin et al. (1951/1961)
Lists food plants and their relative importance for many species of birds and mammals throughout the United States.

Nrq2010 = K.J.O. Norquay et al. (2010)
Describes various species of birds & bats that became ensnared & died on the burry seedheads of Arctium minus (Common Burdock).

Prs1918 = A.S. Pearse (1918)
Lists plants that are sometimes used as sources of food by various species of fish in Wisconsin.

PSC2010 = R.W. Perry et al. (2010)
Describes the trees that are used as winter roost sites for Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) in Arkansas.

PT2008 = Roger W. Perry & Ronald E. Thill (2008)
Describes the diurnal roost trees of male Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) and the  relative preferences for these trees as roost sites.

ROA2013 = Derrick A. Romain et al. (2013)
Describes plants that are consumed by Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in Ontario from May to September.

Sch1955 = A.W. Schorger (1955)
Lists food plants of Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) in eastern USA and their relative importance.

Scm1931 = F.J. Schmidt (1931)
Describes a very limited number of food plants for Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) in Wisconsin.

SK1973 = Dennis J. Sotala & Charles M. Kirkpatrick (1973)
Lists food plants and their relative importance for Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) in Indiana.

Snd2004 = Noel F.R. Snyder (2004)
Describes food plants of Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina Parakeet) in eastern North America as gleaned from various historical records.

SRE2005 = Dale W. Sparks et al. (2005)
It was observed that the foliage of Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood) was used for summer roost sites 100% of the time by a radio-tracked juvenile Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) in Indiana.

SS1982 = Karl A. Shimp, Jr., & Ann U. Shimp (1982)
Some of the roost trees are listed for Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat).

Sw2003 = Vicki J. Swier (2003)
It was observed that Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood) and Quercus macrocarpa (Bur Oak) were selected for roost sites by several species of bats (Vespertilionidae) in eastern South Dakota.

Vlx2009 = Jacques Pierre Veilleux et al. (2009)
It was observed that the upper foliage of Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock) was used 100% of the time by a hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus) for summer roost sites in New Hampshire.

VM1986 = Judy Voigt Englund & William J. Meyer (1986)
Lists prairie forbs that are browsed to a greater or lesser extent by Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer).

VWV2003 = Jacques Pierre Veilleux et al. (2003)
Describes summer roosting trees used by nursing females of Perimyotis subflavus (Tricolored Bat) in Indiana & the relative preferences of these trees for this purpose. This bat was previously known as Pipistrellus subflavus (Eastern Pipistrelle).

WB2005 = Craig K.R. Willis & R. Mark Brigham (2005)
It was observed that the foliage of Picea glauca (White Spruce) was strongly preferred as a summer roost site for nursing females of Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) in Saskatchewan, Canada.

Wh1966 = John O. Whitaker, Jr. (1966)
Lists food plants and their relative importance for Mus musculus (House Mouse), Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse), & Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) in Indiana.

Wh1972 = John O. Whitaker, Jr. (1972)
Lists food plants of Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel) in Vigo County, Indiana.

WM1970 = John O. Whitaker, Jr., & Russell E. Mumford (1970)
Lists food plants of Zapus hudsonius (Meadow Jumping Mouse) in Indiana.

WS1978 = John Wrazen & Gerald Svendsen (1978)
Describes some food plants of Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) in Ohio.

Zm2015 = Casey L. Zimmerman (2015)
Describes the roost trees of Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) & how often they are used for this purpose in Missouri.


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