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Author
Abbreviations:

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AF1967) = K.W. Andersen & E.D. Fleharty (1967)
Describes a very limited number of food plants of Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) in Jewell County, Kansas.

Ag2002 = Salvatore J. Agosta (2002)
Refers to studies that list some of the trees that are sometimes used as roost sites by maternity colonies of Eptesicus fusucus (Big Brown Bat).


Agn1997 = D.J. Augustine (1997)
This thesis describes the relative importance of various woodland plants in the diet of Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) in Minnesota.

And1959 = Harry G. Anderson (1959)
Lists the food plants of migratory ducks in Illinois and their relative importance by volume or weight.

Bch1980 = Richard R. Buech (1980)
Describes the vegetation that provided cover for the nests of Setophaga kirtlandii (Kirtland's Warbler) in Michigan and its relative abundance.

Be1915 = F.E.L. Beal (1915)
Lists the fruits and seeds of seeds of various plants that are eaten by Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird) and Turdus migratorious (American Robin).

BfRf2001 = John Bielefeldt & Robert Rosenfeld (2001)
Describes the mainly woody plants that were used as nest supports for Setophaga citrina (Hooded Warbler) in Wisconsin.

BGB2012 = Brandon J. Baerwald et al. (2012)
Lists summer roost trees for nursing females of Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) in Manitoba, Canada.

Blk1998 = Mary Blackmore (1998)
Describes the prairie plants and woody vegetation in prairie remnants that Capra aegagrus hircus (Domesticated Goat) will eat and won't eat.


Blr1942 = Frank C. Bellrose (1942/1976)
Lists many food plants for ducks, geese, and swans in North America.

Bnn1900 = W.J. Bennetts (1900)
Describes food plants of Bonasa umbellus (Ruffed Grouse) in Wisconsin & Ontario during fall & winter.


BP1980 = Larry Beeman & Michael R. Pelton (1980)
This study describes the food plants and their relative importance to Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in the Smoky Mountains.

BR1990 = James Belthoff & Gary Ritchison (1990)
Describes how often various trees are used as roost sites by young Eastern Screech Owls (Megascops asio) and the relative preferences for these trees when they are used for this purpose in Kentucky.

Brg2012 = S.M. Bergeson (2012)
This investigation states that Quercus spp. (Oaks) and Acer spp. (Maples) are sometimes used as summer roost sites in Illinois by Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat).

Bst1978 = Louis B. Best (1978)
This study lists the plants that were used to support the elevated nests of Spizella pusilla (Field Sparrow) in a prairie of Illinois.


CB1979 = F. Russell Cole & George O. Batzli (1979)
Describes food plants of Microtus ochrogaster (Prairie Vole) in central Illinois.

Clm2011 = Matthew J. Clement (2011)
Describes the roost trees for Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat) and Myotis austroriparius (Southeastern Myotis) in Georgia.

Crt2003 = Timothy C. Carter (2003)
Describes summer roost trees for Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) and Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in southern Illinois.

DGr2002 = Richard M. DeGraaf (2002)
Describes the trees, shrubs, and woody vines that provide food, cover, and nesting habitat for a variety of birds in northeastern USA.

DTP1990 = W.D. Dijack, B. Tannebaum, & M.A. Parker (1990)
Lists the trees that are selected for the nest sites of Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk) in Missouri.

Dv2004 = S. Devore et al. (2004)
Describes some of the food plants of various birds in Illinois.


EBL1994 = Carl Ernst, Roger Barbour, & Jeffrey Lovich (1994)
Describes food plants of several species of turtle in the United States and Canada; only turtles found in the northeast quadrant of the United States were included in the database.

Frb1888 = S.A. Forbes (1888)
Describes some of the food plants for various fishes in Illinois and the surrounding area.

Frd2006 = W.M. Ford et al. (2006)
Lists the summer roost trees of male Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in West Virginia.

GRB2002 = Aaron Gabbe, Scott Robinson, & Jeffrey Brown (2002)
Describes tree species preferences of foraging insectivorous birds in southern Illinois.

HB1939 = F.N. Hamerstrom, Jr., & James Blake (1939)
Describes food plants of Ondatra zibethicus (Muskrat) and their relative importance in Wisconsin.

Hck2004 = Christopher M. Heckscher (2004)
Lists native and non-native plants that are used to support the nests of Catharus fuscescens (Veery) in Delaware.

Hgn1942 = Arnold O. Haugen (1942)
Describes food plants of
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail) in southwestern Michigan during winter.

HH1977 = Robert G. Hooper & Paul B. Hamel (1977)
Describes the woody plants that provided support and/or concealed the nests of Vermivora bachmanii (Bachman's Warbler) throughout its range.


Hm1941 = W.J. Hamilton, Jr. (1941)
Lists food plants of Napaeozapus insignis (Woodland Jumping Mouse), Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse), and Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) in woodland areas of New York.

Hmn1996 = H.J. Homan et al. (1996)
Lists the trees and shrubs that were used as nest sites by Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle) in North Dakota and the relative preference for these woody plants for this purpose.

Hof1998 = Joyce E. Hofmann (1998)
Describes two crop plants that are eaten by Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) in Illinois.

Ht1978 = Wayne C. Houtcooper (1978)
Lists food plant preferences of Mus musculus (House Mouse) and Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) in and around cultivated fields.

Hv1999 = Stephen P. Havera (1999)
Describes various food plants of ducks and geese in Illinois.

Jck1976 = Jerome A. Jackson (1976)
Lists the trees that are used for the nest sites of Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker) and Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpecker) in Kansas.

Jhn2009 = Joshua B. Johnson et al. (2009)
Describes summer roost trees for maternal colonies of Myotis septentrionalis (Long-eared Bat) in central Appalachia in areas with and without fire.

KH1996 = Matina C. Kalcounis & Kerry R. Hecker (1996)
This study found that nearly 100% of summer roost sites for Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown) occurred in the cavities of Populus tremuloides (Quaking Aspen) in Saskatchewan, Canada.

Kr2010 = Timothy J. Krynak (2010)
Lists summer roost trees for Myotis sodalis (Indiana Bat) and Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in north-central Ohio during the summer.

Krs1962 = Leroy J. Korschgen (1962)
Lists food plants of Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) in Missouri.

LB1984 = Richard L. Lindroth & George O. Batzli (1984)
Lists food plants of Microtus pennsylvanicus (Meadow Vole) in bluegrass meadow and tallgrass prairie habitats.

Lcs2009 = Jessica Lucas (2009)
Lists tree roosts for maternity colonies & solitary individuals of Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Bg-eared Bat) in South Carolina.

LdBw1985 = Heidi Ludewig & R. Terry Bowyer (1985)
Lists food plants of Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) and Alces americanus (American Moose) in Maine during winter.

Lg1943 = Karl F. Lagler (1943)
Describes some of the food plants of several turtles in Michigan.

Lnc2001 = Richard F. Lance et al. (2001)
It was found that the cavities of Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum) were used as roost sites for 50% of the time in Louisiana, while bridges (usually concrete bridges with steel girders) were used as roost sites for the other 50% of the time by Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Bat).

Lw2012 = Amanda J. Lowe (2012)
Describes the trees that are used as fall roosts by Myotis lucifugus (Little Brown Bat) and Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) in Nova Scotia, Canada.


Lws1993 = James C. Lewis (1993)
Lists food plants of Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove).

MC1996 = Christopher Moorman & Brian Chapman (1996)
Lists trees that are used as nest sites by Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk) and Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk) in Georgia.

McG2012 = Liam P. McGuire (2012)
Lists roost trees of Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) during migration in Ontario.

Mn1956 = Brooke Meanley (1956)
Lists food plants of Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey) in Arkansas and their relative importance.

MN2001 = Kenneth J. Mager & Thomas A. Nelson (2001)
Lists the summer roost trees of Lasiurus borealis (Eastern Red Bat) in Illinois in an urban/suburban environment and whether or not they are preferred.

Mnz2008 = Olivia Maya Mu╠nzer (2008)
Lists the roost trees of Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) and how often they were used in Michigan.

MOC2008 = Arnaud Mosnier et al. (2008)
Lists the food plants of Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in a boreal forest of Quebec.

Mrt2011 = Chester O. Martin et al. (2011)
Lists roost trees Corynorhinus rafinesquii (Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat) in Mississippi.

MW1988 = P.K. Malmborg & M.F. Wilson (1988)
Lists songbirds that feed on the fruits of various woody plants in an Illinois woodlot.

Myr2004 = Jonathan Myers et al. (2004)
Lists the percentage of droppings of Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) that contains viable seeds from various species of plants in New York.

MZN1951 = Alexander Martin et al. (1951/1961)
Lists food plants and their relative importance for many species of birds and mammals throughout the United States.

NC1990 = Karen Noyce & Pamela Coy (1990)
Lists some of the fruit-bearing plants that provide food for Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in Minnesota.

NR2011 = Felicity L. Newell & Amanda D. Rodewald (2011)
Lists the trees that are used by several canopy songbirds in Ohio and their relative importance for this purpose.

Nrq2010 = K.J.O. Norquay et al. (2010)
Describes various species of birds & bats that became ensnared & died on the burry seedheads of Arctium minus (Common Burdock).

Prs1918 = A.S. Pearse (1918)
Lists plants that are sometimes used as sources of food by various species of fish in Wisconsin.

PSC2010 = R.W. Perry et al. (2010)
Describes the trees that are used as winter roost sites for Lasionycteris noctivagans (Silver-haired Bat) in Arkansas.

PT2008 = Roger W. Perry & Ronald E. Thill (2008)
Describes the diurnal roost trees of male Nycticeius humeralis (Evening Bat) and the  relative preferences for these trees as roost sites.

ROA2013 = Derrick A. Romain et al. (2013)
Describes plants that are consumed by Ursus americanus (American Black Bear) in Ontario from May to September.

Sch1955 = A.W. Schorger (1955)
Lists food plants of Ectopistes migratorius (Passenger Pigeon) in eastern USA and their relative importance.

Scm1931 = F.J. Schmidt (1931)
Describes a very limited number of food plants for Poliocitellus franklinii (Franklin's Ground Squirrel) in Wisconsin.

SK1973 = Dennis J. Sotala & Charles M. Kirkpatrick (1973)
Lists food plants and their relative importance for Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer) in Indiana.

Snd2004 = Noel F.R. Snyder (2004)
Describes food plants of Conuropsis carolinensis (Carolina Parakeet) in eastern North America as gleaned from various historical records.

SRE2005 = Dale W. Sparks et al. (2005)
It was observed that the foliage of Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood) was used for summer roost sites 100% of the time by a radio-tracked juvenile Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) in Indiana.

SS1982 = Karl A. Shimp, Jr., & Ann U. Shimp (1982)
Some of the roost trees are listed for Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat).

St1993 = Benjamin B. Steele (1993)
Lists some of the trees & shrubs that are used as nesting sites by Dendroica caerulescens (Black-throated Blue Warbler) in New Hampshire and their relative preference for this purpose.

Sw2003 = Vicki J. Swier (2003)
It was observed that Populus deltoides (Eastern Cottonwood) and Quercus macrocarpa (Bur Oak) were selected for roost sites by several species of bats (Vespertilionidae) in eastern South Dakota.

Vlx2009 = Jacques Pierre Veilleux et al. (2009)
It was observed that the upper foliage of Tsuga canadensis (Eastern Hemlock) was used 100% of the time by a hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus) for summer roost sites in New Hampshire.

VM1986 = Judy Voigt Englund & William J. Meyer (1986)
Lists prairie forbs that are browsed to a greater or lesser extent by Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer).

VWV2003 = Jacques Pierre Veilleux et al. (2003)
Describes summer roosting trees used by nursing females of Perimyotis subflavus (Tricolored Bat) in Indiana & the relative preferences of these trees for this purpose. This bat was previously known as Pipistrellus subflavus (Eastern Pipistrelle).

WB2005 = Craig K.R. Willis & R. Mark Brigham (2005)
It was observed that the foliage of Picea glauca (White Spruce) was strongly preferred as a summer roost site for nursing females of Lasiurus cinereus (Hoary Bat) in Saskatchewan, Canada.

Wh1966 = John O. Whitaker, Jr. (1966)
Lists food plants and their relative importance for Mus musculus (House Mouse), Peromyscus leucopus (White-footed Mouse), & Peromyscus maniculatus (Deer Mouse) in Indiana.

Wh1972 = John O. Whitaker, Jr. (1972)
Lists food plants of Ictidomys tridecemlineatus (Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel) in Vigo County, Indiana.

WM1970 = John O. Whitaker, Jr., & Russell E. Mumford (1970)
Lists food plants of Zapus hudsonius (Meadow Jumping Mouse) in Indiana.

WS1978 = John Wrazen & Gerald Svendsen (1978)
Describes some food plants of Tamias striatus (Eastern Chipmunk) in Ohio.

Yt1943 = Ralph E. Yeatter (1943)
Describes the food plants & their % volume in the diet for Tympanuchus cupido (Greater Prairie Chicken) in Illinois. Also includes observations from Bent (1932) for the plant diet of this gamebird in Wisconsin as referred to by Yeatter (1943).

Zm2015 = Casey L. Zimmerman (2015)
Describes the roost trees of Myotis septentrionalis (Northern Long-eared Bat) & how often they are used for this purpose in Missouri.


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