List of Flora
for Streams & Rivers

Stream & River Flora  
Scientific Name Common Name
Acalypha deamii ** *** Deam's Mercury
(or Two-Seeded Mercury)
Acalypha virginica ** *** Three-Seeded Mercury
Acer negundo *** Box Elder
Acer saccharinum *** Silver Maple
Agrostis stolonifera palustris ** Creeping Bent Grass
Alnus serrulata *** Brookside Alder
Amaranthus rudis ** Water Hemp
Amaranthus tuberculatus ** Western Water Hemp
Amorpha fruticosa *** False Indigo
Ampelopsis cordata *** Raccoon Grape
Anemone canadensis ** *** Canada Anemone
Angelica atropurpurea ** Great Angelica
Apios americana ** *** Groundnut
Arabis laevigata *** Smooth Rock Cress
Arabis patens *** Spreading Rock Cress
Arabis shortii *** Toothed Rock Cress
Aruncus dioicus *** Goat's Beard
Arundinaria gigantea ** *** Giant Cane
Asclepias incarnata ** Swamp Milkweed
Asplenium rhizophyllum *** Walking Fern
Aster furcatus *** Forked Aster
Aster ontarionis *** Ontario Aster
Aster puniceus **
(including Aster firmus)
Swamp Aster
Astragalus canadensis *** Canada Milkvetch
Baptisia australis *** Wild Blue Indigo
Besseya bullii *** Kittentails
Betula nigra *** River Birch
Bidens spp. ** Swamp Marigold, Beggar's Ticks, etc.
Bolboschoenus fluviatilis * **
(syn. Scirpus fluviatilis)
River Bulrush
Boltonia decurrens ** Decurrent False Aster
Brasenia schreberi * Water Shield
Calamagrostis spp. ** Reed Grass spp.
Callitriche spp. * Water Starwort spp.
Calystegia sepium ** *** Hedge Bindweed
Camassia scilloides *** Wild Hyacinth
Campanula rotundifolia *** Harebells
Cardamine bulbosa ** Spring Cress
Cardamine douglasii ** Purple Spring Cress
Carex spp. ** Miscellaneous Sedges
Carex aquatilis substricta ** Aquatic Sedge
Carex frankii ** Frank's Sedge
Carex grayi ** Gray's Sedge
Carex muskingumensis ** Muskingum Sedge
Carex normalis *** Sedge sp.
Carex projecta *** Sedge sp.
Carex squarrosa ** Squarrose Sedge
Carex torta * ** Twisted Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea ** *** Foxtail Sedge
Ceratophyllum demersum * Coontail
Chamaesyce spp. *** Miscellaneous Prostrate Spurges
Chasmanthium latifolium *** Riverbank Oats
Chrysoplenium americanum * ** American Golden Saxifrage
Cinna spp. ** Wood Reed spp.
Clematis viorna *** Leather Flower
Clematis virginiana ** *** Virgin's Bower
Conoclinium coelestinum ** *** Mistflower
Cornus alternifolia *** Alternate-Leaved Dogwood
Crataegus apiomorpha *** Hawthorn sp.
Crataegus lucorum *** Hawthorn sp.
Crataegus succulenta *** Hawthorn sp.
Cuscuta polygonorum ** Smartweed Dodder
Cyperus spp. ** Flat-Sedge spp.
Cyperus squarrosus **
(syn. Cyperus aristatus)
Awned Flat-Sedge
Cyperus bipartitus **
(syn. Cyperus rivularis)
Brook Flat-Sedge
Cystopteris bulbifera *** Bulblet Fern
Deschampsia caespitosa ** Tufted Hairgrass
Dicliptera brachiata ** Mudwort
Echinochloa spp. ** Barnyard Grass spp.
Echinocystis lobata ** Wild Cucumber
Eclipta prostrata ** Yerba-de-Tajo
Eleocharis intermedia ** Intermediate Spikerush
Eleocharis palustris ** Marsh Spikerush
Elodea spp. * Waterweed spp.
Elymus riparius *** Riverbank Wild Rye
Elymus virginicus *** Virginia Wild Rye
Equisetum spp. ** Horsetail spp.
Eragrostis glomerata *** Dense Love Grass
Eragrostis hypnoides ** Pony Grass
Euonymus atropurpureus *** Wahoo
Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus ** Hollow-Stemmed Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium serotinum ** *** Late Boneset
Euphorbia commutata *** Wood Spurge
Euphorbia obtusata *** Blunt-Leaved Spurge
Fallopia scandens ***
(syn. Polygonum scandens)
Climbing Buckwheat
Forestiera acuminata ** Swamp Privet
Glyceria spp. ** Manna Grass spp.
Helenium autumnale ** Sneezeweed
Helianthus tuberosus *** Jerusalem Artichoke
Heracleum maximum *** Cow Parsnip
Hibiscus laevis **
(syn. Hibiscus militaris)
Halberd-Leaved Rose-Mallow
Hibiscus lasiocarpos ** Downy Rose-Mallow
Hibiscus moscheutos ** Swamp Rose-Mallow
Hydrangea arborescens *** Wild Hydrangea
Hymenocallis caroliniana ** Spider Lily
Hypericum mutilum ** Weak-Stemmed St. John's Wort
Hypericum prolificum *** Shrubby St. John's Wort
Hypericum pyramidatum *** Giant St. John's Wort
Ilex verticillata *** Winterberry
Iliamna remota *** Kankakee Mallow
Impatiens capensis ** Orange Jewelweed
Iodanthus pinnatifidus ** Purple Rocket
Ipomoea lacunosa *** Small White Morning Glory
Ipomoea pandurata *** Wild Sweet Potato
Iresine rhizomatosa ** *** Bloodleaf
Iris brevicaulis ** Blue Iris
Iris cristata ** *** Dwarf Crested Iris
Juncus effusus ** Soft Rush
Juncus subcaudatus ** Rush sp.
Juncus torreyi ** Torrey's Rush
Justicia americana * ** Water Willow
Leersia lenticularis ** Catchfly Grass
Leersia oryzoides ** Rice Cut Grass
Leptochloa filiformis ** Red Sprangletop
Leucospora multifida ** Conobea
Lindera benzoin *** Spicebush
Lobelia siphilitica ** Great Blue Lobelia
Lonicera prolifica *** Grape Honeysuckle
Ludwigia leptocarpa ** Hairy Primrose Willow
Ludwigia polycarpa ** False Loosestrife
Lysimachia ciliata ** *** Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia hybrida ** *** Mississippi Valley Loosestrife
Melanthium virginicum ** Bunchflower
Mikania scandens ** *** Climbing Hempweed
Mimulus alatus ** Winged Monkey Flower
Mimulus glabratus fremontii ** Yellow Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens ** Monkey Flower
Muhlenbergia frondosa ** Common Satin Grass
Muhlenbergia racemosa ** Marsh Muhly
Myriophyllum spp. * Water Milfoil
Najas spp. * Naiad spp.
Napaea dioica *** Glade Mallow
Nasturtium officinale * Water Cress
Nelumbo lutea * American Lotus
Neobeckia aquatica * Lake Cress
Nuphar advena * Spatterdock
Nuphar variegatum * Bullhead Water Lily
Nymphaea tuberosa * White Water Lily
Orbexilum onobrychis *** Sanfoin (or French Grass)
Panicum anceps *** Beaked Panic Grass
Panicum rigidulum ** Munro Grass
Paspalum laeve ** Smooth Bead Grass
Paspalum pubiflorum ** Bead Grass sp.
Passiflora lutea *** Cream Passion flower
Peltandra virginica * Arrow Arum
Penstemon hirsutus *** Hairy Penstemon
Persicaria coccinea ** Marsh Smartweed
Persicaria hydropiperoides ** Mild Waterpepper
Persicaria lapathifolia ** Pale Smartweed
Persicaria punctata ** Dotted Smartweed
Phacelia bipinnatifida *** Forest Phacelia
Phalaris arundinacea ** Reed Canary Grass
Phlox maculata ** Wild Sweet William
Phyla lanceolata ** Fogfruit (or Frogfruit)
Physalis texana *** Texas Ground Cherry
Pilea spp. ** Clearweed spp.
Plantago cordata ** Heart-Leaved Plantain
Plantanus occidentalis *** American Sycamore
Poa palustris ** Fowl Blue Grass
Poinsettia cyathophora graminifolia ** *** Wild Poinsettia
Populus deltoides *** Eastern Cottonwood
Potamogeton spp. * Pondweed spp.
Prenanthes crepidinea *** Great White Lettuce
Prunus nigra *** Canada Plum
Quercus palustris *** Pin Oak
Quercus shumardii *** Shumard's Oak
Ranunculus longirostris * Stiff White Water Buttercup
Ranunculus pensylvanicus *** Bristly Buttercup
Ranunculus recurvatus *** Hooked Buttercup
Ranunculus trichophyllus * White Water Buttercup
Rhamnus lanceolata *** Lance-Leaved Buckthorn
Rorippa palustris ** Common Yellow Cress
Rorippa sessiliflora ** Sessile-Flowered Yellow Cress
Rorippa sinuata ** Spreading Yellow Cress
Rorippa tenerrima ** Slender Yellow Cress
Rorippa teres ** Yellow Cress sp.
Rudbeckia laciniata ** Cutleaf Coneflower
Rudbeckia triloba *** Brown-Eyed Susan
Rumex altissimus ** *** Pale Dock
Sagina spp. ** Pearlwort spp.
Sagittaria spp. * Arrow-Head spp.
Salix spp. ** *** Miscellaneous Willows
Salix amygdaloides *** Peach-Leaved Willow
Salix interior ** Sandbar Willow
Salix nigra *** Black Willow
Sambucus canadensis *** Common Elderberry
Samolus parviflorus ** Brookweed
Sanguisorba canadensis ** Canada Burnet
Schoenoplectus acutus *
(syn. Scirpus acutus)
Hard-Stem Bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens ** Dark Green Bulrush
Scirpus pendulus ** Nodding Bulrush
Scutellaria lateriflora ** Mad-Dog Skullcap
Selaginella apoda ** Small Spikemoss
Senecio glabellus ** Butterweed
Senna hebecarpa *** Wild Senna
Sicyos angulatus ** Bur-Cucumber
Silene nivea *** Snowy Campion
Silphium perfoliatum *** Cup Plant
Smilax spp. *** Greenbrier (or Catbrier)
Solidago canadensis *** Canada Goldenrod
Spermacoce glabra ** Smooth Buttonweed
Stellaria longifolia ** Long-Leaved Chickweed
Stenanthium gramineum ** Featherbells
Strophostyles helvola *** Large Fuzzy Bean
Strophostyles umbellata *** Fuzzy Bean sp.
Styrax grandiflorum *** Snowbell Bush
Trautvettaria caroliniensis *** False Bugbane
Typha angustifolium * Narrow-Leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia * Common Cattail
Urtica chamaedryoides *** Nettle sp.
Valerianella chenopodifolia ** Corn Salad sp.
Valerianella patellaria ** Corn Salad sp.
Valerianella umbilicata ** Corn Salad sp.
Verbena hastata ** Blue Vervain
Viburnum lentago *** Nannyberry
Viburnum molle *** Arrow-Wood sp.
Viburnum recognitum *** Smooth Arrow-Wood
Vitis spp. *** Wild Grape spp.
Wisteria frutescens *** American Wisteria
Xanthium strumarium ** Cocklebur
Zannichellia palustris major * Horned Pondweed
Zigadenus elegans glaucus ** White Camass
Zosterella dubia * Water Star Grass

* aquatic or emergent-aquatic in slow-moving streams & rivers,
** low areas along streams & rivers, *** streambanks or riverbanks,
shaded areas, sandy or rocky areas

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