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Insects Feeding
on this Plant:

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Zizia aurea
(Golden Alexanders) [Apiaceae]
(Observations are from the Microleps website, Rider, Hottes & Frison, Bouseman & Sternburg, Blackman & Eastop, Opler & Krizek, Natural History Museum, Panzer et al.)

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Pentatomidae: Trichopepla atricornis Rid2009

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Aphis saniculae HF1931, Aphis thaspii HF1931 BE2013

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)

Epermeniidae: Epermenia pimpinella [larvae are blotch leaf-miners] Mic2010; Noctuidae: Eupithecia miserulata (Common Pug) [larvae feed on flowers, polyphagous] NHM2010, Papaipema rigida (Rigid Sunflower Borer Moth) [larvae bore through lower stems & roots] NHM2010 Pnz2006; Papilionidae: Papilio joanae (Ozark Swallowtail) [this insect has been found in Missouri, but not Illinois] BS2001 OK1984
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