Insects Feeding
on these Plants:


Vaccinium spp.
(Blueberry, Cranberry) [Ericaceae]
(Observations are from Bouseman & Sternburg, Knight, Yanega, Wagner, Marshall, Barnes, Milne & Milne, DeLong, Clark et al., Covell, Felt, Cranshaw, Aldrich & Osten-Sacken, Smith, Blackman & Eastop, Hamilton, Vickery & Kevan, Brust et al., Opler & Krizek, Miller, Majka et al., Gangwere, Panzer et al., ScaleNet)

Coleoptera (Beetles)
Cerambycidae: Oberea myops (Rhododendron Stem Borer) [larvae bore through branches of living shrubs, found in stems of blueberry] Ya1996, Oberea tripunctata (Dogwood Twig Borer) [larvae bore through twigs] Crw2004; Chrysomelidae: Altica sylvia Clk2004, Neochlamisus cribripennis Clk2004; Curculionidae: Anthonomus corvulus [polyphagous, this insect is widely distributed] MAM2007, Anthonomus musculus [this insect is found in E USA & SE Canada] MAM2007, Pseudanthonomus validus [this insect is found in Canada & scattered areas of the USA] MAM2007

Diptera (Flies)
Cecidomyiidae: Dasineura cyanococci (Blueberry Bud Gall Midge) [larvae form bud galls] Flt1907 Flt1917, Dasineura oxycoccana (Blueberry Gall Midge, Cranberry Tipworm) [larvae infest flowers and terminal buds, causing galls to form, they also fold leaves around galls] AOS1905 Crw2004 Flt1917, Lasioptera fructuaria (Blueberry Fruit Midge) [larvae feed on berries, deforming them] Flt1917, Vaccinidiplosis vaccinii (Blueberry Leaf Gall Midge) [larvae form small ovoid galls on midribs of leaves, they are also found on cranberry] Flt1917; Tephritidae: Rhagoletis mendax (Blueberry Fruit Fly) [maggots develop in fruit] Crw2004

Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Miridae: Plagiognathus repetitus Kn1941 [found on cranberry] Kn1941

Homoptera (Sucking Insects)
Aphididae: Illinoia azaleae [found on young stems & leaves, distributed in NE USA] BE2013, Illinoia borealis [found on new growth, distributed in NE USA] BE2013, Illinoia finni [found in Ohio] BE2013, Illinoia pepperi [distributed in NE USA, including Michigan] BE2013; Cercopidae:
Clastoptera obtusa (Alder Spittlebug) [fed on by adults only] Hm1982, Clastoptera proteus (Dogwood Spittlebug) Crw2004, Clastoptera saintcyri (Heath Spittlebug) Msh2006 Hm1982; Cicadellidae: Limotettix vaccinii (Blunt-Nosed Leafhopper) [syn. Scleroracus vaccinii, syn. Ophiola striatula] Dlg1948, Scaphytopius magdalensis [found in bogs] Dlg1948; Coccidae: Mesolecanium nigrofasciatum (Terrapin Scale) Crw2004; Pseudococcidae: Heliococcus osborni (Osborn Mealybug) [polyphagous, mostly found on woody vegetation] SN2014, Peliococcus flaveolus (Myrmecophile Mealybug) [feeds on roots, where it is often attended by ants; this insect is widely distributed in NE USA] SN2014, Phenacoccus rubivorus (False Puto Mealybug) [found on roots, feeding primarily on plants in the Ericaceae; this insect is widely distributed in NE and north-central USA] SN2014, Pseudococcus maritimus (Grape Mealybug) [found on foliage, polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed] SN2014, Pseudococcus sorghiellus (Trochanter Mealybug) [polyphagous; this insect is widely distributed in eastern USA] SN2014

Hymenoptera (Bees, Wasps, & Sawflies)
Cynipidae: Loxaulus vaccinii (Blueberry Stem Gall Wasp) [larvae form irregular, often reniform, galls on young shoots] Flt1917; Tenthredinidae: Neopareophora litura [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Pristiphora banksi [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006, Pristiphora cincta [larvae feed on foliage, polyphagous] Sm2006, Pristiphora mollis [larvae feed on foliage] Sm2006

Lepidoptera (Butterflies, Skippers, & Moths)
Geometridae: Cingilia catenaria (Chain-dotted Geometer) [found on blueberries] Msh2006, Cyclophora pendulinaria (Sweet Fern Geometer) [polyphagous, found on blueberry] Cv2005 Wg2005 Pnz2006, Ematurga amitaria 
(Cranberry Spanworm) [found north of IL] Cv2005, Macaria argillacearia  (Mousy Macaria) [syn. Itame argillacearia] Cv2005, Scopula limboundata (Large Lace-Border) [polyphagous, found on blueberry] Cv2005 Wg2005, Xanthotype sospeta (Crocus Geometer) [polyphagous] Wg2005; Limacodidae: Acharia stimulea (Saddleback Caterpillar) [syn. Sibine stimulea, polyphagous, found in southern IL on blueberry] Cv2005, Prolimacodes badia (Skiff Moth) [polyphagous, found on blueberry] Cv2005; Lycaenidae: Callophrys augustinus (Brown Elfin) [found on blueberries] MM1980 Msh2006, Callophrys henrici (Henry's Elfin) [feeds on flowers & fruits, blueberries are host plants in Pennsylvania] Bar1999 BS2001 OK1984, Celastrina ladon (Spring Azure) [feeds on flowers & fruits] OK1984, Satyrium liparops strigosum (Striped Hairstreak) [polyphagous] BS2001; Noctuidae: Acronicta tritona (Triton Dagger Moth) [found on blueberry & cranberry] Cv2005 Wg2005, Catocala andromedae (Andromeda Underwing) [found on blueberry] Cv2005 Wg2005, Catocala gracilis (Graceful Underwing) Cv2005 Pnz2006, Catocala sordida (Sordid Underwing) [prefers lowbush blueberry] Cv2005 Wg2005 Pnz2006, Epiglaea apiata (Pointed Sallow) [found in northern IL on cranberry] Cv2005, Euxoa detersa (Rubbed Dart) [polyphagous, prefers sandy habitats, found on cranberry] Cv2005, Euxoa redimicula (Fillet Dart) [found on blueberry] Cv2005, Harrisimemna trisignata (Harris' Three-Spot) [found on blueberry, polyphagous] Wg2005, Lacinipolia lorea (Bridled Arches) [polyphagous, found on blueberry] Cv2005, Lycophotia phyllophora (Lycophotia Moth) [polyphagous] Pnz2006, Melanchra picta (Zebra Caterpillar) [larvae feed on leaves, polyphagous] Wg2005, Pangrapta decoralis (Decorated Owlet) [found on blueberry] Cv2005, Psectraglaea carnosa (Pink Sallow) [larvae feed on young leaves, flowers, & fruits] Pnz2006, Xestia normaniana (Norman's Dart) [found on blueberry] Cv2005; Notodontidae: Datana contracta (Contracted Datana) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Datana drexelii (Drexel's Datana) [polyphagous, found on blueberry] Cv2005 Wg2005, Schizura concinna (Red-Humped Caterpillar) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Schizura unicornis (Unicorn Caterpillar) [polyphagous] Wg2005; Nymphalidae: Polygonia faunus (Green Comma) [found in NW Illinois] BS2001; Pieridae: Colias interior (Pink-edged Sulphur) [this butterfly is found north of Illinois] OK1984; Pyralidae: Acrobasis vaccinii (Cranberry Fruitworm Moth) [larvae develop in fruit] Crw2004; Sphingidae: Darapsa pholus (Azalea Sphinx) Cv2005, Dolba hyloeus (Pawpaw Sphinx) [found on blueberry] Cv2005, Hemaris gracilis (Slender Clearwing) [found mostly on lowbush blueberry] Wg2005 Pnz2006, Paonias astylus (Huckleberry Sphinx) [found in southern IL] Cv2005, Sphinx gordius (Gordian Sphinx) [polyphagous, found on blueberry] Cv2005 Wg2005; Tortricidae: Acleris curvalana (Blueberry Leaftier Moth) [larvae feed on flower buds, leaf buds, & young leaves; syn. Croesia curvalana] Pnz2006, Archips purpurana (Omnivorous Leafroller Moth) [polyphagous] Cv2005, Choristoneura parallela (Spotted Fireworm) [polyphagous, found on blueberry & cranberry] Cv2005, Grapholita packardi (Cherry Fruitworm Moth) [larvae develop in fruit] Crw2004, Pseudexentera vaccinii [this moth is found north & east of Illinois] Mlr1987, Rhopobota naevana (Black-headed Fireworm) [larvae feed on buds, leaves, flowers, & fruits; this moth is found east of Illinois] Mlr1987, Sparganothis sulfureana (Sparganothis Leafroller) Crw2004, Zomaria interruptolineana (Broken-lined Zomaria) [larvae feed within tied leaves] Mlr1987 Pnz2006

Orthoptera (Grasshoppers)
Acrididae: Melanoplus fasciatus (Huckleberry Grasshopper) [feeds on blueberry & huckleberry shrubs, oligophagous; this grasshopper is found in woodland openings at hilltops] VK1985 BHW2008; 
Tettigoniidae: Atlanticus testaceus (Protean Shieldback) [fed on fruits in lab setting] Ggw1967